In the network, each validator possesses its own private key. To bootstrap the network and facilitate secure transactions, validators participate in DKG. During DKG, validators exchange artifacts of their private keys, ultimately generating a common shared secret that will be utilized for signing transactions.

The outcome of the DKG process is the generation of shared secrets and a collective address for the network. Whenever a new validator joins or an existing validator departs, a new collective address will be generated in the subsequent DKG round.

Validators engage in the DKG process at regular intervals, every 5 minutes, to generate fresh artifacts to prevent any potential theft or compromise. However, the collective address remains unchanged, providing stability and continuity.

Learn more about DKG here and here.

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